Electrons in a Wigner Crystal • Animated 3D • Science / Physics • 2021

Electrons in the form of a Wigner crystal — a state in which they're kept still, forming a crystalline solid.

Wireframe. Rather than true 3D spheres, I used camera-mapped 2D planes.

Wireframe. Rather than true 3D spheres, I used camera-mapped 2D planes.

Hand-painted electron texture


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Hand-painted electron texture

3D science illustration for a 2021 Quanta Magazine article by Karmela Padavic-Callaghan: Physicists Create a Bizarre ‘Wigner Crystal’ Made Purely of Electrons. Read the story: https://tinyurl.com/QMWigner21

The electrons were hand-painted to give them a nebulous look, mirroring the particle’s behavior in reality: their position is imprecise, calculated as a "cloud" of probabilities. Rather than true 3D spheres, I used camera-mapped 2D planes. These experiments must be done at extremely low temperatures, so I gave the animation a frosted treatment in post.

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